Citizens, enrolling for Aadhaar, will soon get a polyvinyl card with their unique 12 -digit characters, which will include the resident's name, address, date of birth, name of The UIDAI is coming up with a second data centre in Delhi, in addition to the one it has in Bangalore. Online dating companies. Aadhaar is a digit unique identity number that can be obtained by residents of India, based on their biometric and demographic data. The data is collected by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), . Also, a resident already enrolled under the National Population Register is not required to enrol again for . In the year , the UIDAI was established and the UID project was At the time of enrolment, the enrolling agency is required to provide . females), Identification Mark, Date of Birth, National Identity Card .. MS Sriram, Visiting Faculty, Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore - Financial lnclusion.
Govt has decided to deliver the UID/Aadhaar number in the form of better, polyvinyl Aadhaar cards :
Create groups dedicated to research and advocacy of specific aspects of the UID Project. UIDAI has made it possible for individuals to avail a duplicate Aadhaar card in case their original Aadhar card is stolen, lost or misplaced. Here, the dealers had maintained the records of beneficiaries who had been categorized as follows: The method used by the OMCs to weed out duplicates and ghost customers was 15—20 times more effective than the Aadhaar-based method.
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NADRA also records the applicant's religion, but this is not noted on the card itself. This system has not been removed yet and is still operational in Pakistan. United Kingdom The Identity Cards Act was introduced in the wake of the terrorist attacks on 11th September, , amidst rising concerns about identity theft and the misuse of public services. The card was to be used to obtain social security services, but the ability to properly identify a person to their true identity was central to the proposal, with wider implications for prevention of crime and terrorism.
The cards were linked to a central database the National Identity Register , which would store information about all of the holders of the cards. The concerns raised by human rights lawyers, activists, security professionals and IT experts, as well as politicians were not to do with the cards as much as with the NIR.
The Act specified 50 categories of information that the NIR could hold, including up to 10 fingerprints, digitised facial scan and iris scan, current and past UK and overseas places of residence of all residents of the UK throughout their lives. The central database was purported to be a prime target for cyber attacks, and was also said to be a violation of the right to privacy of UK citizens.
All Estonian citizens and permanent residents are legally obliged to possess this card from the age of The card stores data such as the user's full name, gender, national identification number, and cryptographic keys and public key certificates. The cryptographic signature in the card is legally equivalent to a manual signature, since 15 December The following are a few examples of what the card is used for: For picking up e-Prescriptions This system is also operational in the country and has not been removed France The biometric ID card was to include a compulsory chip containing personal information, such as fingerprints, a photograph, home address, height, and eye colour.
A second, optional chip was to be implemented for online authentication and electronic signatures, to be used for e-government services and e-commerce. The Council struck down the law, citing the issue of proportionality. Argentina Documento Nacional de Identidad or DNI which means National Identity Document is the main identity document for Argentine citizens, as well as temporary or permanent resident aliens. It is issued at a person's birth, and updated at 8 and 14 years of age simultaneously in one format: The front side of the card states the name, sex, nationality, specimen issue, date of birth, date of issue, date of expiry, and transaction number along with the DNI number and portrait and signature of the card's bearer.
The back side of the card shows the address of the card's bearer along with their right thumb fingerprint. The front side of the DNI also shows a barcode while the back shows machine-readable information. System still operational in the country 4. In this section, we have summarised the presentation and the ensuing discussions on these issues. Use of Biometric Information for Identification and Authentication The panelists explained with examples that identification and authentication were different things.
Identity is public information but an authenticator must be private and known only to the user. Authentication must necessarily be a conscious process and active participation by the user is a must. It should also always be possible to revoke an authenticator. After providing this understanding of the two processes the panellist then explained if biometric information could be used for identification or authentication under the UID Project.
Biometric information is clearly public information and it is questionable if it can be revoked. Therefore it should never be used for authentication, but only for identity verification. There is a possibility of authentication by fingerprints under the UID Project, without conscious participation of the user.
One could trace the fingerprints of an individual from any place the individual has been in contact with. Therefore, authentication must certainly be done by other means. The panellist pointed out that there were five kinds of authentication under the UID Project, out of which two-factor authentication and one time password were considered suitable but use of biometric information and demographic information was extremely threatening and must be withdrawn.
Architectures of Identification The panelists explained the architecture of the UID Project that has been designed for identification purposes, highlighted its limitations and suggested alternatives. His explanations are reproduced below. Under the UID Project, there is a centralised means of identification i.
It is better to have multiple means of identification than one as contemplated under the UID Project for preservation of our civil liberties. The question is what the available alternatives are. Web of trust is a way for operationalizing distributed identification but the challenge is how one brings people from all social levels to participate in it.
There is a need for registrars who will sign keys and public databases for this purpose. The aadhaar number functions as a common index and facilitates correlation of data across Government databases.
While this is tremendously attractive it raises several privacy concerns as more and more information relating to an individual is available to others and is likely to be abused.
The aadhaar number is available in human readable form. This raises the risk of identification without consent and unauthorised profiling. It cannot be revoked. Potential for damage in case of identity theft increases manifold. Aadhaar numbers are not cryptographically secured; in fact they are publicly available.
Hence this exercise for securing information is useless. This certificate must be made available to users on demand. Further, the security and privacy frameworks within which AUAs work must be appropriately defined by legal and technical means. These have been summarised below. Only hashes of passwords and PINs are stored.
Authentication requests have unique session keys and HMAC Resident data stored using way sharding vertical partitioning. First two digits of Aadhaar number as shard keys All enrolment and update requests link to partitioned databases using Ref IDs coded indices All accesses through a hardware security module All analytics carried out on anonymised data The panellists pointed out the concerns about information security on account of design flaws, lack of procedural safeguards, openness of the system and too much trust imposed on multiple players.
This indicates that trust is implicitly assumed which is a glaring design flaw. There is no well-defined approval procedure for data inspection, whether it is for the purpose of investigation or for data analytics. There is a likelihood of system hacks, insider leaks, and tampering of authentication records and audit trails.
The enrolment agencies and the enrolment devices cannot be trusted. AUAs cannot be trusted with biometric and demographic data; neither can they be trusted with sensitive user data of private nature. There is a need for an independent third party auditor for distributed key management, auditing and approving UIDAI programs, including those for data inspection and analytics, whitebox cryptographic compilation of critical parts of the UIDAI programs, issue of cryptographic keys to UIDAI programs for functional encryption, challenge-response for run-time authentication and certification of UIDAI programs.
Applying for Aadhaar is an easy process and can be done in no time. One can also check the status of their Aadhar application to know the progress of the application. There are several ways through which one can check their Aadhar application status. How to check Aadhar card update or correction status? But sometimes it so happens that there are mistakes in the Aadhaar card issued or the information printed is incorrect.
In order to resolve this, UIDAI has made a provision wherein the cardholder can file for correction of details or update the details in the Aadhar card. One can even follow the status of their application for Aadhar card update or correction status.
Aadhaar card is a very important form of identity proof that contains biometric and demographic details of an individual. There are chances that one might lose or misplace their Aadhar card. UIDAI has made it possible for individuals to avail a duplicate Aadhaar card in case their original Aadhar card is stolen, lost or misplaced. What to do if Aadhar card is not received? There is a procedure to be followed in order to avail an Aadhaar card. One can also track the status of their application online.
Documents required for an Aadhaar card: Applying for an Aadhar card is an easy process. In order to register for Aadhar, the applicant has to furnish certain forms along with several other documents. It is very important that the documents submitted are real and consists of accurate information regarding the applicant. How to apply for Aadhar without any documents? Applying for Aadhar requires the applicant to submit certain forms and documents. These documents include address proof, identity proof, date of birth proof, etc.
But there are certain cases wherein the applicant might not be able to furnish these documents. Common problems with Aadhar and how to resolve it: Despite the best efforts of UIDAI to make the application process easy for the residents of India, there are still a lot of people who face problems with the enrolment process, misplacement of Aadhar card, etc.
Aadhaar enquiry and complaints: Even though UIDAI has made everything easy and hassle free when it comes to Aadhar, there are times when an applicant or an Aadhar card holder will face problems regarding their Aadhaar card.
Keeping this in mind, UIDAI has come up with several mediums through which one can file their complaints and get their grievance addressed regarding their Aadhaar card.
Faqs of Aadhar Card How long is the Aadhar card valid for? The Aadhaar card or the Aadhar number is valid for life. Is it mandatory to get an Aadhar card? At the moment it is not mandatory to enrol for Aadhar however it is advisable that you register as it will make it easy for the government to include in special scheme if you are registered with Aadhaar.
Will I still get government subsidies and other benefits without an Aadhar card? Is e-Aadhar and the Aadhar card the same thing? They are the same thing. What should I do if I have lost my Aadhar card? If you have lost your Aadhar card, you can get a duplicate Aadhar card by downloading a copy of your Aadhar card. Can I check the status of my Aadhar application or request for corrections? You can check on the status of your Aadhaar application and requests for correction online or via your registered mobile number.
Can I have more than one Aadhar card? No, each person is allowed only one card. Who all can take the Aadhaar card? Any person residing in India is eligible to apply for Aadhar. This will even include foreigners and NRIs. What is the fee charged for getting an Aadhar card?
The Aadhar program is completely voluntary and free of charge so you are not required to pay anything for enrolling for Aadhar.