Blue backed speller online dating - Webster's Blue-Backed Speller
Webster's mother spent long hours teaching her children spelling, mathematics, and music. Years later, he described the teachers as the "dregs of humanity" and complained that the instruction was mainly in religion. His four years at Yale overlapped the American Revolutionary War and, because of food shortages and threatened British invasions, many of his classes had to be held in other towns. Webster served in the Connecticut Militia. His father had mortgaged the farm to send Webster to Yale, but he was now on his own and had nothing more to do with his family.
He quit to study law. Supreme Court Chief Justice Oliver Ellsworth , Webster also taught full-time in Hartford—which was grueling, and ultimately impossible to continue.
He received a master's degree from Yale by giving an oral dissertation to the Yale graduating class. Later that year, he opened a small private school in western Connecticut that was a success. Nevertheless, he soon closed it and left town, probably because of a failed romance. To replace it, he sought to create a utopian America, cleansed of luxury and ostentation and the champion of freedom. American nationalism was superior to Europe because American values were superior, he claimed.
She laughs at their folly and shuns their errors: She founds her empire upon the idea of universal toleration: She admits all religions into her bosom; She secures the sacred rights of every individual; and astonishing absurdity to Europeans! Webster dedicated his Speller and Dictionary to providing an intellectual foundation for American nationalism. In terms of political theory, he de-emphasized virtue a core value of republicanism and emphasized widespread ownership of property a key element of Federalism.
It was not Rousseau's politics but his ideas on pedagogy in Emile that influenced Webster in adjusting his Speller to the stages of a child's development.
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April Learn how and when to remove this template message To the Friends of Literature in the United States, Webster's prospectus for his first dictionary of the English language, — Webster married well and had joined the elite in Hartford but did not have much money. In December, he founded New York's first daily newspaper American Minerva later known as the Commercial Advertiser , which he edited for four years, writing the equivalent of 20 volumes of articles and editorials.
As a Federalist spokesman, he defended the administrations of George Washington and John Adams , especially their policy of neutrality between Britain and France, and he especially criticized the excesses of the French Revolution and its Reign of Terror. As a result, he was repeatedly denounced by the Jeffersonian Republicans as "a pusillanimous, half-begotten, self-dubbed patriot," "an incurable lunatic," and "a deceitful newsmonger He wrote so much that a modern bibliography of his published works required pages.
He moved back to New Haven in ; he was elected as a Federalist to the Connecticut House of Representatives in and — Copyright[ edit ] The Copyright Act of was the first major statutory revision of U. As a teacher, he had come to dislike American elementary schools. They could be overcrowded, with up to seventy children of all ages crammed into one-room schoolhouses.
They had poor, underpaid staff, no desks, and unsatisfactory textbooks that came from England. Webster thought that Americans should learn from American books, so he began writing the three volume compendium A Grammatical Institute of the English Language. The work consisted of a speller published in , a grammar published in , and a reader published in His goal was to provide a uniquely American approach to training children.
His most important improvement, he claimed, was to rescue "our native tongue" from "the clamour  of pedantry" that surrounded English grammar and pronunciation. He complained that the English language had been corrupted by the British aristocracy, which set its own standard for proper spelling and pronunciation. The appropriate standard for the American language, argued Webster, was "the same republican principles as American civil and ecclesiastical constitutions.
The Speller was arranged so that it could be easily taught to students, and it progressed by age. From his own experiences as a teacher, Webster thought that the Speller should be simple and gave an orderly presentation of words and the rules of spelling and pronunciation.
He believed that students learned most readily when he broke a complex problem into its component parts and had each pupil master one part before moving to the next. Ellis argues that Webster anticipated some of the insights currently associated with Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development. Webster said that children pass through distinctive learning phases in which they master increasingly complex or abstract tasks.
Therefore, teachers must not try to teach a three-year-old how to read; they could not do it until age five. He organized his speller accordingly, beginning with the alphabet and moving systematically through the different sounds of vowels and consonants, then syllables, then simple words, then more complex words, then sentences.
Over the course of editions in his lifetime, the title was changed in to The American Spelling Book, and again in to The Elementary Spelling Book. Most people called it the "Blue-Backed Speller" because of its blue cover and, for the next one hundred years, Webster's book taught children how to read, spell, and pronounce words. It was the most popular American book of its time; by , it had sold 15 million copies, and some 60 million by —reaching the majority of young students in the nation's first century.
Its royalty of a half-cent per copy was enough to sustain Webster in his other endeavors. It also helped create the popular contests known as spelling bees. Handwritten drafts of dictionary entries by Webster As time went on, Webster changed the spellings in the book to more phonetic ones.
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WEBSTER'S BLUE-BACKED SPELLER
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